DETERMINATION OF THE ESSENCE OF CONCEPTS MOTOR LEARNING, MOTOR SKILL, MOTOR HABIT, MOTOR STEREOTYPE
In automatization of movements and their transformation into habits the structure of activities undergoes numerous transformations. First of all automatized movements form one continuous act that we denote as skill or knowledge (for example, a complex system of human movements to perform an exercise, to write, to make some objects and the like). In the course of time excess movements are lost and the number of mistakes decreases. Control of process shifts from the process towards the result, and the external sensory control is exchanged by the internal proprioceptive one. Speed of movement performance is increased aspiring to the optimal or maximal one. This comes as a result of exercising. Development and perfection of movements can be understood as a passage from the knowledge to the level of habit. This incorporates the notion of motor stereotype that denotes stabile system of conditioned nervous paths that provide for some intensity and the order of body reactions to the external conditions.